Functional movement screen (FMS)
The FMS test is a test battery used in functional motion analysis. It comprises seven individual tests that assess complex motion sequences and the harmony of mobility, muscular balance and stability.
An analysis of the motion sequences performed during the individual test exercises exposes deficits in mobility, muscle strength and stabilization skill in the torso and the upper and lower limbs. Compensatory patterns, i.e. movements performed to compensate for asymmetries in a given motion sequence, can be recognized and treated. These compensatory patterns are often the result of injury or one-sided training and can lead to loading issues, pain and injury.
Each of the seven test exercises is assigned a score between 0 and 3; the highest possible total score is therefore 21 points. The higher the score, the higher the athlete’s fitness level and the lower his or her susceptibility to injury. Studies of professional athletes have shown that the risk of injury is significantly higher if the score is lower than 14.
On the basis of the test results, a therapy or training program is drawn up to eliminate the diagnosed problems and weaknesses in a targeted manner.